A lot of people gets warts and they would know what are their causes and how to remove it
This is why we thought it would be a good idea to write this article in order to make people more informed about such a condition.
What is a wart?
The wart is a small outgrowth of the skin or a small lesion that can be induced by a microtrauma and can appear on almost every region of the body.
It can be found on the hand, the elbow, the knee, the face, the foot as well as on the genitals.
What are the types of warts?
Here are 6 types, listed according to their clinical characteristics:
- Common warts: they’re rather bumpy, usually appear on the hands and fingers (especially children).
- Flat warts: small, smooth warts form clusters on the face, legs, or back of the hands.
- Plantar warts: they are those that appear on the sole of the foot.
- Filiform warts: protrude around the eyes, face, and neck.
- The peri-nail and subungual warts: are located on the periphery or under the nails (common in nail-biting people).
- Genital warts (condylomata acuminata): they target the genitals
Remember that some warts can become cancerous and that some skin cancers may look like warts, so always ask your doctor to examine them.
Also, the sooner a wart is treated, the easier it will be to destroy it – so do not delay the time of treatment.
What are the causes of warts?
Seven distinct strains of HPV are considered as the main cause of warts. These viruses exist naturally on the skin, so when a person’s immune system is weakened (exp, by a condition or medication), they are at greater risk of contracting the virus.
A simple cut is enough for the virus to infiltrate the body and causes the appearance of vulgar, plantar or flat warts.
Avoid walking barefoot in public places, as it is a habit that exposes you to the risk of contracting warts.
Genital warts are a variety of warts that pose a more serious problem, especially as they are the most contagious. They are transmitted through direct sexual contact and it can take months to 1 month before they appear.
Warts Symptoms/ signs and complications
It is usually easy to see warts or detect them to the touch. They signal themselves to the people and they infect as abnormal abnormalities, bumps or any other bizarre changes in the skin.
Plantar warts and genital warts trigger more specific symptoms and are warmer types of concern:
Plantar warts: sometimes look like calluses. Flat in appearance, they grow deep under the epidermis and they can cause pain when you walk. They are yellow or brown and sometimes dotted with tiny dark gray nodules.
Genital warts: are often small and flat. They can be pink, white or gray. They sometimes form outgrowths reminiscent of the texture of the cauliflower when they are grouped together.
These warts can grow on both external and internal genital organs, including the anus, vagina, urethra, and cervix. Genital warts also occur in the throat if oral sexual contact occurs with an infected person.
Fortunately, most HPV infections do not become cancerous. However, some strains of HPV have been associated with cervical cancer, vulvar cancer, anal cancer, and more rarely with penile cancer.
When complications arise, it is often genital warts that cause them. Warts can also cause many problems during pregnancy.
They can become bulkier and interfere with the emission of urine and even cause obstruction during childbirth.
Sometimes, but rarely, it happens that a baby develops warts in the throat, that is, a laryngeal papillomatosis, if his mother has genital warts.
It is important for this reason that women routinely have a vaginal smear, especially if they have had an HPV infection or genital warts.
If you notice some abnormal growths, or irregular sizes, or changes in the skin – whether it is accompanied by itching, pain, or bleeding.
You should make an appointment with your doctor. It is usually sufficient for a physician to perform a rapid physical examination in order to be able to diagnose warts.
The physical examination allows your doctor to distinguish a wart from other skin disorders such as moles, calluses, corns, ticks or cancer.
To properly diagnose genital warts, your doctor may take a piece of tissue (biopsy). The available laboratory analysis methods are useful for diagnosing certain strains of HPV and determining whether the infection is likely to become cancerous.
People usually get the mole on the scalp and they think that it’s warts so it’s very important to find out if it’s skin moles or warts before starting any treatment.
Warts Treatment – Removal
There are many effective treatments for warts, from creams to laser treatment. Your doctor will determine which treatment is best suited to the type of wart you have.
In the case of common warts, these warts often respond to topical preparations that you can buy over the counter, such as salicylic acid and lactic acid, which act by detaching the infected skin. Cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen is also a possibility.
In the case of plantar warts: these warts are sometimes difficult to eliminate and they usually require a certain concentrated liquid solution or your doctor may use a laser treatment. It depends.
Home remedies to get rid of warts
You can also use some of the home remedies that are very effective and give some satisfying results; here’s a chart that sums up some of the most used and tested home remedies:
Cut out a small piece of raw potato. Apply it against the wart a few minutes every morning and night to moisten the wart. Repeat with a new piece until the wart disappears. This remedy is effective thanks to starch in the potato which contains an active principle against warts.
Immerse the wart in warm water (water at 44 ° C, 30 minutes per day for 3 consecutive days, then 2 additional days 2 weeks afterward).
Cut a small piece of an eggplant that has the same size of the wart and put it directly on the flesh, and fix it in the evening before going to bed with a piece of plaster. The next morning the wart becomes a little blackened. Keep doing the same the maneuver a few days until the wart completely dies and detaches itself. ( this solution is 100% chemical product free)
Apply a pound of crushed garlic or onion on the wart. Use a warm cloth to keep the poultice in place. Repeat the procedure every day until the wart disappears completely.
Marinate a peel in vinegar for 3 days. Apply on the wart overnight protect with a plaster. The next day the wart is softened: the skin is reconstituted in a few days. If the wart is more than 7 mm in diameter, proceed with this application for 2 days.
Duct tape ( a weird hack but it works)
Keep the wart constantly covered with a small piece of duct tape and replace it if necessary. The wart is left uncovered for one night at the end of each week. The irritation caused by the tape may cause the immune system to attack the virus. This treatment is not recommended on warts located in the face, near a nail, in the genital or anal region.
The destruction of a wart doesn’t necessarily eliminate the incriminated virus. Therefore, in order to prevent the spread of the virus, it’s important to avoid contact with foci of infection.
Avoid touching someone else’s warts and DO NOT walk barefoot on damp surfaces out of your home. More importantly, you can prevent genital warts by keeping those parts clean and fresh and using soap and the clean cloth to wash them.
If you were diagnosed with genital warts one day, you must see immediately your doctor so that it is properly examined and treated and don’t miss your post-therapeutic monitoring.